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The continent and islands of Asia: with all the latest discoveries


location_onVietnam, Myanmar, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Singapore, Southeast Asia, Thailand, Malaysia, Laos, Indonesia, East Timor, Cambodia, Brunei

Southeast Asia is on the last sheet of this map of Asia. The South China Sea is labelled ‘Malayan Sea’. Small islands, shoals and reefs are shown. A label in Cochin China (Vietnam) reads ‘mountains inhabited by the uncivilized people called Kemoys’.

Asia and its islands according to D'Anville


location_onBrunei, Cambodia, East Timor, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Singapore, Southeast Asia, Thailand, Vietnam

This late 18th century map features a number of labels describing the local populations, including the Kemoys ('Savage People') of the mountains of Cokin China (Vietnam), the Biayos of Borneo, and the 'Wild People' of the mountains of Pegu (Myanmar).

A New Chart of the Eastern Straits, or the Straits to the East of Java, with a part of the Banda Sea


location_onEast Timor, Indonesia

A late 18th century maritime navigation map of the straits east of Java, with drawings of the elevations of the straits. The map is also marked with routes of explorers, including the return of Captain Cook’s HMS Endeavour from Australia in 1770.

A chart of north-west coast of Borneo: from Balambangan to Borneo proper



Nautical charts, like this late 18th century example of the north-west coast of Borneo, were designed to help ships navigate. The numbers marked along the coastline and sea routes indicate the depth of the sea (bathymetry).

The coast of India from Pulo Timon to Pulo Cambir comprehending the Malayan coast, the Gulf of Siam, the coasts of Tsiampa and Cochinchina, with the adjacent islands and part of the isle of Borneo


location_onThailand, Malaysia, Cambodia, Indonesia, Brunei, Vietnam

Nautical charts like this are detailed around the coasts and on the seas (e.g. river mouths, islands, shoals and reefs) while the interiors are blank. The web of lines is a rhumbline network, while the numbers indicate sea depth (bathymetry).

Chart... Shewing the Connection and respective distances by Sea, between the principal harbours and Settlements in the East Indies


location_onThailand, Myanmar, Malaysia, Indonesia

Maritime routes had to be adjusted in response to the changing monsoon seasons, as is seen on this late 18th century map of the Indian Ocean. Drawings of the heads of children blowing—called ‘wind-heads’—are used to indicate wind direction.

Sketch of the Straits of Gaspar



Map of the Gaspar Strait, off the east coast of Sumatra. The web of lines is a rhumbline network, numbers indicate sea depth (bathymetry), and there are side views of islands (elevations), all to aid navigation. Five 18th century routes are marked.

The coast of India and China from the point and river of Camboja to Canton: comprehending the coasts of Tsiompa and Cochinchina, with the coast of Tonkin and the coast of Koan-Ton, with the isle of Hai-nan


location_onCambodia, Vietnam

Navigation chart of the east coast of mainland Southeast Asia, from Cambodia to China. Islands, shoals and reefs are marked, along with bathymetry (sea depth). There are seven side views of islands (elevations) to use as landmarks.

A chart of the currents in the Indian Sea during the southwest monsoon, to the northward of the line / A chart of the currents in the Indian Sea during the northeast monsoon, to the northward of the line


location_onMalaysia, Indonesia, Myanmar, Thailand

Two maps of the Indian Ocean showing currents (represented by arrows) and winds (represented by letters A to F) during the monsoon seasons. Three routes—one old and two new—from the Isle de France (Mauritius) east to the Strait of Malacca are shown.

A chart of a part of the coast of Cochinchina: from Cham-Collao Island to the King's River



A map to aid navigation around the Touranne Bay (Bay of Turon, location of modern city of Da Nang, Vietnam). The web of lines is a rhumbline network, and bathymetry (sea depth), anchor points and two elevation views of the coasts are shown.

Plan of Pulo Condor



There is a port at the south of this map of the Côn Đảo archipelago (Vietnam), and notes giving details such as a suitable location to careen ships (turning a ship on its side for cleaning or repair). A ruined English fort is also marked.

A new chart of the north coast of Java: wherein are described the roads of Bantam and Batavia



Map of the Batavia (Jakarta) and Bantam (Bantem) roadsteads (a body of water sheltered from tides/currents, for ships to anchor). Shoals, reefs and bathymetry (sea depth) are marked, with explanatory notes and a rhumbline network to aid navigation.