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Map of Asia: Printed for the New York Central's 'Four-Track Series'


location_onMalaysia, Indonesia, Thailand, Myanmar, Cambodia, Vietnam, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Singapore, Brunei, Laos, Southeast Asia

Colonial territory is labelled and colour-coded on this map of Southeast Asia. A list on the left edge gives the colonial status, size and population of Asian countries, and ranks the main cities by population. Gold and iron mines are marked.

Commercial highways between United States and Asia and the islands of the Pacific


location_onBrunei, Cambodia, East Timor, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Singapore, Southeast Asia, Thailand, Vietnam

The United States Treasury Department produced this map of trade routes crossing the Pacific Ocean between the United States and Asia. Each route is labelled with the names of its ports, and with the distance between them in miles.




A large-scale topographical map of the states of Hsipaw, Lawksawk and Mongkung, within the Shan State of Burma (Myanmar). Elevation is indicated by contour lines, and travel and trade routes, villages, areas of cultivation and markets are also shown.



location_onBrunei, Cambodia, East Timor, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Southeast Asia, Thailand, Vietnam

This map highlights the colonisation of Southeast Asia, showing French Indochina (green), British Burma and Malaya (orange), the Dutch East Indies (pink), and the Spanish Philippines (green). In the region, only Siam (yellow) is independent.

Parts of Burma, Siam and the Shan States


location_onMyanmar, Thailand

This map charts the journey of Holt S. Hallett as he searched for a suitable route for a railway to transport British goods from Burma to Thailand and China. He wrote the book ‘A Thousand Miles on an Elephant in the Shan States’ about his expedition.

Map of South-Eastern Asia and Northern Australia: showing the districts in Annam and Tonquin which France proposes to annex and to place under a Protectorate, the portion of New Guinea proposed to be acquired by Queensland, and the districts affected by the volcanic eruptions in Java


location_onSoutheast Asia, Singapore, Thailand, East Timor, Vietnam, Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Papua New Guinea, Philippines

This 1883 map shows European colonial territories in Southeast Asia. An inset map details the proposed French annexation of Tonquin, Annam and Cochin China (modern Vietnam). International telegraph lines are also marked.

A language map of Further India and the Indian Archipelago


location_onSoutheast Asia, Brunei, East Timor, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, Vietnam, Myanmar, Laos, Cambodia

A map of Southeast Asia coloured to indicate the five different language families spoken in the region in the late 19th century. Names of indigenous tribes/languages are marked in red text, with European colonial possessions in grey.

Map of Siam and some of its tributary provinces


location_onCambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand

A map of Siam (Thailand) and parts of Burma (Myanmar), Cambodia and Laos, focusing on the river networks, and the mountain ranges which are represented by hachures: short lines/dashes that give a sense of the shape and steepness of terrain.

The Island of Ceylon / Burmah, Siam and Anam


location_onMyanmar, Laos, Cambodia, Thailand, Vietnam, Malaysia

This map of mainland Southeast Asia has colour-coded borders: Burmah (Myanmar) in red, Siam (Thailand) in brown, and Anam (Vietnam) in green. The British territory of Penang is also bordered in red. Independent areas are bordered in grey.

[Manuscript map of Asia and Australia]


location_onSoutheast Asia, Singapore, Brunei, Cambodia, East Timor, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam

On this hand-drawn and coloured map of Asia, the colours differentiate the colonial territories of the European powers: for example, New Guinea is divided into Dutch, British and German areas, and Borneo is split between the British and Dutch.

Map of the Burman Empire including also Siam, Cochin-China, Ton-king and Malaya


location_onVietnam, Malaysia, Myanmar, Cambodia, Thailand, Laos, Indonesia, Singapore, Brunei

Although this mid-19th century map covers all of mainland Southeast Asia, the Burman Empire (Myanmar) is shown in greater detail, especially its districts, rivers and place names. It was produced by the James Wyld, geographer to Queen Victoria.

Map of India: shewing the British possessions in the year 1842


location_onIndonesia, Singapore, Thailand, Cambodia, Myanmar, Malaysia

A mid-19th century map colour-coded with British, French, Portuguese, Danish and Dutch colonial possessions in India and western Southeast Asia, as well as the ‘Native States’. A table lists the dates when the British acquired each area.


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